Guide: How to Run Py File in Linux Efficiently

how to run py file in linux

If you’re a programmer or aspiring coder, you probably know that Linux is a popular platform for programming. And if you’re working with Python, it’s essential to know how to run .py files in Linux. However, if you’re new to Linux or Python, the process can be confusing and time-consuming. In this guide, I’ll share my tips and tricks for efficiently executing Python code in Linux, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced programmer.

Key Takeaways

  • Learn the step-by-step process for running a .py file in Linux
  • Efficiently execute Python scripts on the Linux platform
  • Launch Python scripts via the command line in Linux
  • Optimize your workflow and utilizing shortcuts to streamline your coding experience
  • Explore tools that can simplify your workflow

Executing Python Code in Linux

Now that we know how to locate our .py file in Linux, it’s time to execute our Python code. The command line in Linux provides a powerful tool for launching Python scripts, giving us greater control over our coding experience. Here’s how to execute your .py file in Linux command line:

  1. Open the terminal in Linux.
  2. Navigate to the directory where your Python file is located using the cd command.
  3. Once you are in the directory where your .py file is located, type python and hit Enter.

It’s that simple! Your Python code will now execute in the terminal window. You can also include any command line arguments after the filename, separated by spaces. For example, if your script accepts an input file as an argument, you can execute it like this: python input_file.txt.

But what if you want to run your Python script in the background, without keeping the terminal window open? You can use the nohup command to accomplish this. Here’s how:

  1. Open the terminal in Linux.
  2. Navigate to the directory where your Python file is located using the cd command.
  3. Type in nohup python & and hit Enter.

By adding the nohup command, your Python script will continue running even if you close the terminal window or log out of your Linux account.

Another useful tool for executing Python code in Linux is the shebang line. This line specifies the interpreter that should be used to run the script. Here’s an example:

#!/usr/bin/env python

Include this line at the beginning of your Python script, and then make the script executable using the chmod command. Now, you can simply run your Python script by typing ./ in the terminal, without needing to specify the Python interpreter.

By following these techniques for starting your Python program in Linux, you can execute your .py file with ease and efficiency.

Streamlining Your Linux Coding Experience

Running Python scripts on Linux doesn’t have to be a tedious process. With a few helpful tips and tricks, you can streamline your coding experience and become a more efficient programmer.

Optimizing Your Workflow

One way to speed up your Python coding in Linux is to optimize your workflow. This can include setting up shortcuts for commonly used commands, organizing your code files in a way that makes sense to you, and customizing your text editor to fit your needs. By taking the time to do these things, you can save valuable time and energy when running your .py files.

Utilizing Automation Tools

Another way to simplify your Linux coding workflow is to utilize automation tools. These can include scripts that automate repetitive tasks, as well as tools like Makefiles that streamline the code compilation process. By leveraging these tools, you can reduce the amount of time and effort required to run your Python scripts, making your coding experience more efficient and enjoyable.

Exploring Shortcuts

When running .py files in Linux, there are a variety of shortcuts you can use to speed up the process. For example, you can use the tab key to auto-complete file and directory names in the command line, or use the up and down arrow keys to cycle through previously entered commands. By incorporating these shortcuts into your workflow, you can execute Python code more quickly and efficiently.

Developing Good Habits

Finally, developing good habits when coding in Linux can help make the process smoother and more efficient. This can include using version control tools like Git to track changes to your code, commenting your code to make it easier to understand and debug, and testing your code regularly to catch errors early on. By incorporating these habits into your coding workflow, you can become a more effective and efficient Python programmer on Linux.

By optimizing your workflow, utilizing automation tools, exploring shortcuts, and developing good habits, you can streamline your Linux coding experience and become a more efficient Python programmer. Remember to experiment with different tools and techniques to find the ones that work best for you, and always be open to learning new things that can make your coding experience even better.


In conclusion, running a .py file in Linux doesn’t have to be a daunting task. By following the step-by-step process outlined in this guide, you can streamline your coding experience and execute Python code efficiently on the Linux platform.

As a programmer, it’s important to explore the vast capabilities of the command line and utilize tools such as automation to increase your productivity. By taking advantage of these resources, you can optimize your workflow and elevate your coding skills.

Remember, practice makes perfect, and with these tips and tricks, you’ll be well-equipped to run your Python scripts seamlessly on Linux. So don’t be afraid to dive in and explore all that this powerful platform has to offer.

Thank you for following along with me, and I hope this guide has been helpful in enhancing your Linux coding experience.


Q: How do I run a .py file in Linux?

A: To run a .py file in Linux, open the terminal and navigate to the directory where the .py file is located. Then, type “python” and press Enter. The Python script will execute and display the output or perform the desired actions.

Q: What is the command to execute a Python program in Linux?

A: The command to execute a Python program in Linux is “python”. Replace “” with the actual name of your .py file. Make sure you are in the correct directory where the file is located before running the command.

Q: How can I start a Python script in Linux efficiently?

A: Starting a Python script in Linux can be done by navigating to the directory where the .py file is located using the terminal. Then, use the “python” command to execute the script. You can also make the .py file executable by adding the proper shebang line and file permissions.

Q: What are some tips for streamlining the Linux coding experience?

A: To streamline your Linux coding experience, consider using text editors or integrated development environments (IDEs) designed for Python programming. Utilize code editors with syntax highlighting, automatic indentation, and code completion features. You can also explore shortcut keys and automation tools to speed up repetitive tasks.

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