Easy Guide on How to Print Variables in JavaScript

how to print variables in javascript

As a JavaScript developer, it is important to know how to print variables during runtime. Whether you are debugging your code or simply displaying the value of a variable, printing variables is an essential skill. In this guide, we will explore different methods for printing variables in JavaScript.

Key Takeaways

  • Printing variables in JavaScript is essential for displaying variable values during runtime.
  • Understanding JavaScript variables is important before diving into printing them.
  • The console.log() method is a common way to output variables to the browser console.
  • String concatenation and template literals can be used to include variable values in a string format.
  • Advanced techniques such as console.table() and JSON.stringify() can also be used to print variables in different formats.

Understanding JavaScript Variables

Before we dive into printing variables, let’s first understand what variables are in JavaScript. Variables are like containers that hold data, which can be accessed and manipulated throughout your code. In JavaScript, there are different variable types, such as:

  • Strings – for text data
  • Numbers – for numerical data
  • Boolean – for true/false data
  • Arrays – for storing multiple values
  • Objects – for storing key-value pairs

To declare a variable in JavaScript, you use the var keyword, followed by the variable name. For example:

var age = 30;

This creates a variable named “age” and sets its value to 30. You can also declare variables without assigning a value:

var name;

In this case, the value of the variable “name” is undefined. You can assign a value later in your code.

Now that we understand what variables are and how to declare them, let’s move on to printing their values.

The console.log() Method

If you want to output variable values to the browser console, the console.log() method is your go-to option. This method logs messages to the console and is incredibly versatile. It accepts multiple parameters, separated by commas, and can display strings, numbers, objects, and arrays.

To use the console.log() method, simply pass the variable as an argument, like this:


You can also output multiple variables at once, like this:

console.log(variable1, variable2, variable3);

Not only can you display variable values, but you can also use text and other values to create more informative log messages. For example:

console.log(“The value of variable is: “, variable);

This will output the variable’s value along with descriptive text to the console.

The console.log() method is a powerful tool for debugging and understanding your code’s functionality. It is also great for displaying variable values during runtime and keeping track of your code’s progress.

Printing Variables with String Concatenation

Another way to print variables in JavaScript is by using string concatenation. This involves combining strings and variables to display their values in the browser.

To print a variable using string concatenation, start by creating a text string that includes the variable name surrounded by placeholders. For example:

“The value of my variable is: ” + myVariable

The plus sign (+) is used to concatenate the string with the variable value. The resulting output in the browser console will be the text string followed by the variable value.

Let’s look at an example:

let firstName = “John”;
let lastName = “Doe”;
console.log(“My name is ” + firstName + ” ” + lastName);

In this example, we have declared two variables – firstName and lastName. We then used string concatenation to display their values together in a single console output.

Remember to use the correct syntax when concatenating strings and variables. It is essential to include the necessary quotation marks and spacing to ensure accurate display of variable values.

String concatenation can be particularly useful when you need to display variables within a string of text or display multiple variables together in a single output.

Using Template Literals for Variable Output

Template literals provide a convenient way to display variable values in a string format. Unlike string concatenation, template literals allow you to include variables directly within a string using placeholders. This can make your code more readable and reduce the chance of errors.

To create a template literal, enclose your string within backticks (`) instead of quotes or double quotes. Placeholders for variables are denoted by a dollar sign and curly braces (${variable}).

Here’s an example:

// Declare variables
const name = ‘John’;
const age = 25;
// Create template literal
const message = `My name is ${name} and I am ${age} years old.`;
// Output to console

This will output the following to the console:

My name is John and I am 25 years old.

As you can see, the variables are inserted directly into the string using placeholders. This eliminates the need for cumbersome concatenation syntax and makes the code more concise and readable.

You can also include expressions and functions within the placeholders. For example:

// Declare variables
const num1 = 10;
const num2 = 5;
// Create template literal with expression
const result = `${num1} + ${num2} = ${num1 + num2}`;
// Output to console
// Create template literal with function
const greeting = `Hello ${name.toUpperCase()}! Welcome to my website.`;
// Output to console

The first template literal includes an expression that adds the values of num1 and num2. The second template literal includes a function call that converts the name variable to uppercase. Both of these examples demonstrate the flexibility and power of template literals.

Displaying Variables in HTML

In addition to printing variables to the console, you may also want to output variable values directly in your HTML document. This can be achieved using JavaScript and the Document Object Model (DOM) to manipulate your HTML elements.

To begin, you can select the element where you want to display your variable value using DOM methods such as document.getElementById() or document.querySelector(). For example, if you have a paragraph element with an id of “output”, you can select it using:

let outputElement = document.getElementById("output");

Once you have selected your element, you can update its content with the variable value using innerHTML or textContent property. For example, if you have a variable called “name”, you can display its value in the output element like this:

let name = "John";
outputElement.innerHTML = "My name is " + name;

This will display “My name is John” in the output element.

Alternatively, you could use template literals to display the variable value:

outputElement.innerHTML = `My name is ${name}`;

Using the DOM to output variables in HTML is a powerful technique that can help you create dynamic web pages. However, be mindful of potential security vulnerabilities, such as cross-site scripting, and always sanitize user input before displaying it in your HTML.

Advanced Techniques for Printing Variables

Now that we have covered the basics of printing variables in JavaScript, let’s explore some advanced techniques that can make your debugging process easier.

Using console.table() for Tabular Data

If you have complex data structures or arrays, it can be challenging to read them in the console.log() output. That’s where console.table() comes in handy. This method displays the data as a table, making it much easier to read and understand.


Name Age City
John 30 New York
Jane 25 San Francisco

To use console.table(), simply pass your array or object as a parameter:


let people = [{name: "John", age: 30, city: "New York"}, {name: "Jane", age: 25, city: "San Francisco"}];


Using JSON.stringify() to Print Object Variables

If you have object variables, using console.log() to output them will display only the reference to the object in memory, rather than the object’s properties and values. To print the object’s properties and values, you can use JSON.stringify(). This method converts the object into a JSON string, which you can then print to the console.


let person = {name: "John", age: 30, city: "New York"};



{“name”:”John”,”age”:30,”city”:”New York”}

These advanced techniques are incredibly useful for debugging complex code. By using console.table() and JSON.stringify(), you can easily display and analyze your variable data.


Congratulations! You have now mastered the skill of printing variables in JavaScript. By following the techniques discussed in this guide, you can efficiently display variable values during runtime.

Remember, printing variables is a fundamental skill for any JavaScript developer, and it allows you to debug your code and ensure that it is working correctly.

Keep practicing and exploring different methods to enhance your JavaScript coding skills. There are numerous ways to print variables in JavaScript, and the techniques covered in this guide are just the tip of the iceberg.

Keep Learning and Exploring

Continue to immerse yourself in the world of JavaScript and stay up to date with the latest tools and frameworks. Join online communities and forums to collaborate with other developers and learn from their experiences.

Finally, always remember to keep your code clean and readable. Writing clear and concise code will make it easier for you and other developers to understand and maintain your projects.

Thank you for reading this guide on how to print variables in JavaScript. Happy coding!


Q: How do I print variables in JavaScript?

A: There are several ways to print variables in JavaScript. You can use the console.log() method, string concatenation, template literals, or display them directly in HTML using DOM manipulation.

Q: What is the console.log() method?

A: The console.log() method is a built-in JavaScript function that allows you to output variable values to the browser console. It is commonly used for debugging and testing purposes.

Q: How do I use string concatenation to print variables?

A: String concatenation involves combining strings and variables using the + operator. For example, to print the value of a variable called “name”, you can use console.log(“My name is ” + name);

Q: What are template literals and how can I use them to print variables?

A: Template literals are an improved way to include variables in strings. They use backticks (`) instead of single or double quotes and allow you to insert variables directly using the ${variable} syntax. For example, console.log(`My name is ${name}`);

Q: Can I display variables directly in my HTML document?

A: Yes, you can display variables in your HTML document by using JavaScript and manipulating the Document Object Model (DOM). This involves selecting an HTML element and modifying its content with the variable value.

Q: Are there any advanced techniques for printing variables in JavaScript?

A: Yes, there are advanced techniques such as using console.table() for tabular data and JSON.stringify() to print object variables. These methods provide more advanced formatting and functionality for displaying variables.

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