# Guide: How to Print Only 2 Decimal Places in Python

Hello there, fellow Python programmer! Have you ever needed to print a floating-point number with only 2 decimal places in Python? Perhaps you need to display currency values or scientific measurements that require a specific level of precision and accuracy. Whatever your use case may be, I’m here to help you achieve this goal.

In this article, I will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to print only 2 decimal places in Python. We’ll explore various techniques such as rounding, formatting, and truncating to ensure that your floating-point numbers are displayed with the desired level of accuracy. So let’s get started!

### Key Takeaways:

• Printing floating-point numbers with precision is important in many applications.
• Rounding, formatting, and truncating are all techniques you can use to achieve the desired output.
• Python provides built-in functions such as round() and format() to help you control the decimal places.
• Be aware of rounding errors and precision issues when dealing with floating-point numbers.
• By the end of this article, you’ll be able to confidently control the precision and representation of floating-point numbers in Python.

## Python Print Decimal Places: Rounding and Formatting

Printing floating-point numbers in Python can be a little tricky when it comes to controlling the number of decimal places. Fortunately, Python provides several built-in functions to help you round or format a floating-point number to display only 2 decimal places.

### Rounding Floats to Two Decimal Places

One way to print only 2 decimal places in Python is by rounding a floating-point number using the built-in round() function. The syntax for the round() function is as follows:

rounded_number = round(float_num, num_of_decimals)

Here, float_num is the floating-point number you want to round, and num_of_decimals is the number of decimal places to round to. For example, to round 3.14159 to 2 decimal places, you can use the following code:

num = 3.14159
rounded_num = round(num, 2)
print(rounded_num)

This will output 3.14, which is the rounded floating-point number with 2 decimal places.

Another way to print only 2 decimal places is by using Python’s string formatting feature with the format() function. The syntax for format() function is as follows:

formatted_num = “{:.2f}”.format(float_num)

In this example, “.2f” is the format specifier for a floating-point number with 2 decimal places. For instance, to format 3.14159 to display only 2 decimal places, you can use the following code:

num = 3.14159
formatted_num = “{:.2f}”.format(num)
print(formatted_num)

The output will also be 3.14, which is the formatted floating-point number with 2 decimal places.

Finally, you can also use f-strings to print only 2 decimal places. An f-string is a string literal that is prefixed with the letter “f”. You can insert expressions in curly braces within the string, which evaluate at runtime to produce a final string. For example, to print a floating-point number with 2 decimal places using an f-string, you can use the following code:

num = 3.14159
print(f”{num:.2f}”)

The output will be the same as before, 3.14.

### Conclusion

By using the built-in functions in Python, you can easily print floating-point numbers with only 2 decimal places. Whether you prefer rounding, formatting, or using f-strings, the choice is up to you. Keep in mind that precision and accuracy are essential when dealing with floating-point numbers, so it’s essential to understand the concepts well to produce the desired output. Remember to always test your code to ensure accuracy and correct functionality.

## Python Truncate Decimal Places: Precision and Accuracy

When it comes to formatting floating-point numbers in Python, precision and accuracy are important considerations. Let’s explore some techniques to truncate decimal places, set the number of decimal places to display, and ensure accuracy.

### Truncating Decimal Places

If you want to remove extra decimal places without rounding, you can use Python’s trunc() method. This method returns the integer part of the number, effectively truncating any digits after the decimal point.

Example: If we have a floating-point number 3.14159, we can truncate to 2 decimal places like this:

Code Output
num = 3.14159
truncated_num = trunc(num * 100) / 100
print(truncated_num)
3.14

In this example, the trunc() method is applied to the product of the number and 100, then divided by 100 to return the truncated floating-point number with 2 decimal places.

### Setting Decimal Places to Display

If you need to display a specific number of decimal places in your output, you can use Python’s built-in format() method. The syntax for this method is as follows:

Code Output
num = 3.14159
formatted_num = “{:.2f}”.format(num)
print(formatted_num)
3.14

The format() method takes a format string as an argument and returns a string with the specified number of decimal places. In this example, we specified “2f” to format the floating-point number with 2 decimal places.

### Ensuring Accuracy with Floating-Point Numbers

When working with floating-point numbers, it’s important to note that they can have rounding errors due to the limitations of binary representation. To ensure accuracy, you can use the Decimal module from the Python standard library.

Example: If we have a floating-point number 0.1, we can demonstrate the rounding error like this:

Code Output
num = 0.1
for i in range(10):
num += 0.1
print(num)
0.2
0.30000000000000004
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.7999999999999999
0.8999999999999999
0.9999999999999999
1.0999999999999999

In this example, we see that after adding 0.1 to 0.1 ten times, the end result is not exactly 1.0 due to the rounding error. We can use the Decimal module to ensure precision in these cases:

Code Output
from decimal import Decimal
num = Decimal(‘0.1’)
for i in range(10):
num += Decimal(‘0.1’)
print(num)
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

In this modified example, we used the Decimal() constructor to create a Decimal object with the string representation ‘0.1’, which ensures accurate representation of the value. The addition of Decimal objects also preserves accuracy.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, controlling the decimal places when printing numbers in Python is an essential skill for any programmer. By using the techniques discussed in this guide, you can display a floating-point number with precision and accuracy, round it to the nearest 2 decimal places, or truncate the extra digits. Whether you need to format currency values, scientific notation, or real-world measurements, Python provides several built-in methods to accomplish your goals.

### Start Practicing Today

As a copywriting journalist, I encourage you to start practicing these skills today and experiment with different use cases. You can test your knowledge by trying out various floating-point numbers, applying different rounding methods, and displaying the results to the console.

Remember to pay attention to precision and rounding errors, especially when working with large or small numbers. You can use the decimal library to mitigate these issues and ensure that your calculations are correct.

By mastering how to print only 2 decimal places in Python, you can enhance your coding abilities and produce high-quality code. You’ll be able to write more efficient programs, perform calculations with greater accuracy, and create polished output for your users.

So, don’t hesitate to start practicing today, and enjoy the benefits of being a skilled Python programmer. Happy coding!

## FAQ

### Q: How can I round a floating-point number to 2 decimal places in Python?

A: You can use the built-in round() function in Python to round a floating-point number to a specific number of decimal places. For example, if you have a number x and you want to round it to 2 decimal places, you can use the following code: `rounded_number = round(x, 2)`.

### Q: How can I format a floating-point number with 2 decimal places in Python?

A: To format a floating-point number with 2 decimal places in Python, you can use the format() function. You specify the desired format using the “{:.2f}” format specifier, where the “2” represents the number of decimal places. Here’s an example: `formatted_number = format(x, ".2f")`.

### Q: How can I truncate extra decimal places without rounding in Python?

A: If you want to truncate the extra decimal places from a floating-point number without rounding it, you can convert the number to a string and then use string slicing to extract the desired number of characters. For example, if you have a number x and you want to keep only 2 decimal places, you can use the following code: `truncated_number = str(x)[:str(x).index(".") + 3]`.

### Q: How can I set the number of decimal places to display in Python?

A: If you want to set the number of decimal places to display for all floating-point numbers in Python, you can use the built-in round() function along with string formatting. For example, to display all floating-point numbers with 2 decimal places, you can use the following code: `formatted_number = "{:.2f}".format(x)`.

### Q: How can I ensure accuracy when dealing with floating-point numbers in Python?

A: When working with floating-point numbers in Python or any programming language, it’s important to be aware of the limitations of floating-point representation. Floating-point numbers are inherently imprecise due to the way they are stored and represented internally. To ensure accuracy, you can use the decimal module in Python or perform integer arithmetic when possible. Additionally, you should be cautious when comparing floating-point numbers for equality, as rounding errors can occur.